Дорогие друзья, теперь задания первого тура может прорешать каждый, кто еще не выполнил этот тест, но уже в "гостевом", а не конкурсном режиме. На этой странице вы можете проверить свои результаты.

В день объявления итогов 1 раунда (24 Апреля 2013 г.) страница пополнится интересными историями о происхождении выражений, связанных с едой, а также теми историческими фактами, которые легли в основу вопросов нашего интеллектуального соревнования.

2) Food Idioms: Sorry, but Russian food, so rich and fattening, is not my ....................... .
  • glass of beer
  • drop of milk
  • cup of tea*
  • loaf of bread

"(not) my cup of tea" means "something or someone that one finds or doesn/'t find pleasing"
Phrase origin:
'My cup of tea' is just one of the many tea-related phrases that are still in common use in the UK, such as 'not for all the tea in China', 'I could murder a cup of tea', 'Tea and sympathy', 'storm in a teacup' and so on. The change from the earlier positive 'my cup of tea' phrase, to the negative 'not my cup of tea' doesn't reflect the national taste for the drink itself.

3) Food Idioms: Take everything you read on the Internet with a ...........................
  • pinch of salt
  • cup of tea
  • slice of lemon
  • lump of sugar

"with a pinch of salt" means " to accept it but to maintain a degree of skepticism about its truth."
Phrase origin:
The idea comes from the fact that food is more easily swallowed if taken with a small amount of salt. Roman doctors described an ancient antidote for poison with the words 'be taken fasting, plus with a pinch of salt'.

4) Food Idioms: Kids are always full of ....................... they can’t sit still for a long time.
  • peas
  • beans
  • mushrooms
  • grapes

“to be full of beans” means “to be lively, in high spirits, having a lot of energy and enthusiasm, raring to go”
Phrase origin:
It was originally referred to horses that were fed with a special kind of beans - horse beans. The spirited state of a bean-fed horses gave rise to this food idiom.

5) Food Idioms: I thought I was just going to talk to the secretary, but they let me see the boss – a real big .........................!
  • apple
  • tomato
  • cheese
  • potato

"Big Apple" is s nickname for New York, USA
Phrase origin:
As often, there are several theories. One is that jazz musician's slang for engagement was 'apple' and that a date in New York was the 'big apple'. The phrase was certainly current in jazz music circles in the 1930s. According to another rumor, during the Great Depression, many former financiers would travel from their suburban cottages in order to sell apples on the streets of New York. The rumor goes that several well-to-do families had to make ends-meet by selling apples and the practice became know to many as the "Big Apple" scam of New York. Since apples have always been a big part of the New York economy the name simply stuck and was eventually promoted by local government.

"big cheese" means "an important, influential person"
Phrase origin:
This expression has nothing to do with a dairy product. According to Sir Henry Yule’s Anglo-Indian Dictionary, the expression derives from the Persian or Hindi word chiz, meaning quite simply "a thing". Anglo-Indians might say something like “Lauren’s sister is the real chiz.” Brits living in India adopted the term, converting chiz into something more English. The idiom hit American shores in the 20th century. Americans seem to have a habit of putting big before nouns to convey wealth and power— the Big Apple. The first recorded examples of the big cheese being used to describe a person of important status began appearing in print around 1910.

6) Food Idioms: What is the proper term for ten or more bananas that grow together as a bunch?
  • heart
  • hand
  • head
  • hump

“Ломтик лимона”, “связка бананов”, “кусочек сахара” – we come across these expressions every day, but are you sure you know their equivalents in the English language? CLICK HERE to learn some English expressions of food quantifiers.(In the banana industry, a "bunch" is used for a much larger cluster of 200 or so bananas, composed of several "hands".)

7) Food Idioms: Don’t go into much detail! I want to have just a brief overview, so what is you project like – .................... ?
  • out of the frying pan and into the fire
  • in a nutshell
  • the cream of the crop
  • cool as a cucumber

«out of the frying pan and into the fire» means «getting yourself out of a bad in situation into an even worse one».
Phrase origin:
It is believed to be derived from England in the 1500s. A piece of food being fried in a pan is hot enough, but falling out of the frying pan and into the fire is even worse. Sometimes people work so hard to get out of one situation that they end up in a worse one. So people say "be careful not to jump out of the frying pan
into the fire" to encourage them to plan ahead and make sure they don't give up something bad for something much worse

«in a nutshell» means «without long explanations»
Phrase origin:
Used commonly when you can't be bothered making an in-depth explanation. The idiom is used when you want to say that the description you want should be to-the-point and brief. It is the information boiled down to its simplest form. And what can be considered smaller and simpler than a nut in its shell?

«the cream of the crop» means «the best of the lot»
Phrase origin:
The phrase refers to the person who is at the top of his or her profession, class, or art. The origins of the idiom are at least five centuries old. The actual idiom was first used in the 16th century, though using the word cream to figuratively refer to the best is likely even older. Cream is usually seen as the most desired part of the milk. It is the sweetest part and rises to the top of the milk. From that meaning of cream, the phrase entered common language to describe the best of the harvest and quickly passed into figurative use to describe the best in any category.

«cool as a cucumber» means «extremely calm»

Phrase origin:

The idiom is relatively transparent, conjuring a person who remains cool, calm, and collected in a difficult situation just as a cucumber’s inner flesh remains cool even if it’s just been plucked from a hot garden.

8) Food Idioms: Tony Johns is a very good employee and he is definitely .......................... .
  • a bad egg
  • nutty as a fruitcake
  • a hot potato
  • worth his salt

“to be worth one’s salt” means “to be effective and efficient; deserving of one's pay”
Phrase origin:
Salt, is essential for human life and, until the invention of refrigeration, was the primary method of preservation of food. Not surprisingly, it has long been considered valuable. To be 'worth one's salt' is to be worth one's pay. The word salary derives from the Latin salarium, (sal is the Latin word for salt). Most scholars accept that it was the money allowed to Roman soldiers for the purchase of salt. Roman soldiers weren't actually paid in salt, as some suggest, however they were obliged to buy their own food, namely – their salt.

"hot potato" means "a problem so controversial and sensitive that it is risky to deal with"
Phrase origin:
The idiom alludes to the fact that cooked potatoes retain considerable heat so one wants to get rid of it quickly” (not to be burned) and in this way resolve the problem.

«a bad egg» means «someone or something that disappoints expectations»
Phrase origin:
When someone is referred to as a bad egg, it means that he or she has turned out to be bad, despite early signs of being a decent person. The term often comes with an implication that the individual in question does not have a chance at redemption; like a rotten egg, he or she is simply bad to the core.

"nutty is a fruitcake"means "crazy, idiotic"
Phrase origin:
This expression originated in America in the 1920s. "Nutty" was slang for crazy; a nut was an eccentric person. Fruitcakes are made with plenty of nuts - get it?

9) Food Idioms: The New iPads have been ............................. since they were released last month.
  • cut the mustard
  • selling like hotcakes
  • popular like hotdogs
  • half-baked

"to sell like hotcakes" means "to be in great demand, to sell well"
Phrase origin:
Hotcakes have always been popular at fairs and church socials, etc., often selling as fast as they can be cooked, so they make a good metaphor for a very popular product that sells quickly and in great numbers.

"to cut the mustard"means"To succeed; to come up to expectations"

Phrase origin:

Why cutting mustard was chosen as an example of high quality is unclear. As always in such circumstances, there are no shortage of guesses. Some of these allude to the literal difficulty of cutting mustard in its various forms; So the one who has managed to cut the mustard is really a success!

10) Food Idioms: These tasks seem to be very easy to do – ..................... just a for me!
  • nut to crack
  • piece of cake
  • fish and chips
  • smart cookie

“to be a nut to crack” means “a difficult problem to solve”

Phrase origin:

The idiom “to be a (hard) nut to crack” describes a person who is difficult to understand, or a problem that is hard to solve. The origin is from the actual process of opening a nutshell, which often requires a special tool or substantial force to accomplish.

“piece of cake” means “something easy to do”

Phrase origin:

Referring to something as a "piece of cake" is often used to describe a situation that was easy, or required little effort. How did the term cake come to mean easy?

The idea of cake being “easy” originated in the 1870’s when cakes were given out as prizes for winning competitions. In particular, there was a tradition in the US slavery states where slaves would circle around a cake at a gathering. The most “graceful” pair would win the cake the in middle. From this the term “cake walk” and “piece of cake” came into being, both meaning that something was easy to accomplish.

“fish and chips” means “ a take-away food which consists of battered fish and deep-fried chips”
Phrase origin:
Fish and chips became a stock meal among the working classes in Great Britain as a consequence of the rapid development of trawl fishing in the North Sea, and the development of railways which connected the ports to major industrial cities during the second half of the 19th century, which meant that fresh fish could be rapidly transported to the heavily populated areas.

“smart cookie” means “someone who is clever and good at dealing with difficult situations”
Phrase origin:
A reference to "cookie" is from 1700s and refers to little cakes. It is possible that "cookie" referred to women and smart cookie referred to their being smart and intelligent even though they looked petite and seemed "softer" than the men.
The expression “smart cookie” meaning a “bright, intelligent, shrewd first appeared in the 1940s .

11) Famous food quotes: When the wife of King Louis XVI Marie Antoinette was told that the people of France were suffering due to widespread bread shortages, the Queen is said to have replied,
  • “Let them catch frogs and eat them!”
  • “Let them go on a diet!”
  • “Let them eat cake!”

12) Famous food quotes: The famous Italian actress and a world-known beauty Sophia Loren commented on her great looks in the following way: “Everything you see I owe to ............................ ”.
  • my parents
  • spaghetti
  • Italian climate

13) Famous food quotes: One of the paradoxes created by Oscar Wilde, a great Irish writer and poet, reads: “I can’t stand people who do not take food ........................... ”.
  • seriously
  • for granted
  • three times a day

14) Famous food quotes: The ancient Greek philosopher Socrates reasoned, “The best seasoning for food is .......................... ”.
  • hunger
  • pepper
  • good conversation

15) Famous food quotes: Friedrich Schiller, a German poet, philosopher, historian, and playwright, is the author of the famous phrase: “ ..................... and hunger rule the World”.
  • Power
  • Love
  • Fear

16) Famous food quotes: François Rabelais, a major French Renaissance writer, noticed, “ ..................... comes with eating!”
  • Your best friend
  • A good idea
  • Appetite

17) Famous food quotes: Norwegian proverb has it: “Cookies are made of butter and ......................... ”.
  • sugar
  • love
  • flour

18) Famous food quotes: The Greek philosopher and mathematician Pythagoras said, “........................... is born of the purest of parents: the sun and the sea.”
  • Salt
  • Seafood
  • Sun-tan

19) Famous food quotes: In many languages there is a saying that means pretty much the same: “Eat your breakfast yourself, share your dinner with a friend, .......................... ".
  • save your supper for a rainy day
  • give your supper to your enemy
  • go out for a good supper

20) Famous food quotes: It is suggested that .......................... were invented by the people who never suffered from hunger.
  • table manners
  • complicated dishes
  • knives and forks

21) Did you know? Being an important part of a major holiday’s traditional menu, THESE are historically connected with rebirth, rejuvenation and immortality. Even the earliest civilisations held springtime festivals thinking of the sun's return from darkness as an annual miracle and regarding THESE as a natural wonder and a proof of the renewal of life. THEY are colored, blessed, exchanged and eaten as part of the spring festivities.

22) Did you know? Maintaining a tradition that began in 1860 with Queen Victoria, every year Queen Elizabeth II opens the private gardens at Buckingham Palace to host three afternoon parties, each attended by 8,000 guests. The invitations are sent to people of all walks of life. It is not possible for an individual to request or buy an invitation. It is a formal event with gentlemen wearing suits or uniforms. Ladies wear afternoon dress, usually with a hat and gloves. The guests enjoy a walk in the Royal Gardens, which are usually not open to the public. The Queen and the Duke of Edinburgh, accompanied by members of the Royal Family, enter the garden at 4:00 p.m. as one of two bands plays the National Anthem. Taking a different route, each Royal circulates amongst the guests. An hour later high ranking and special guests proceed to the Royal tent to join the Royal Family. The remaining guests are served at a 408-foot long buffet table. What traditional English treat is the centre of the whole ceremony?


23) Did you know? The legend has it that this English nobleman was a passionate gambler. Quite frequently he spent days and nights at the gambling table. The only trouble was that from time to time he got hungry and so he had to stop his game to eat something. So his servants invented a dish which allowed him to play and eat at the same time: it consisted of fried beef between two slices of bread. It made it possible for the man to keep his hands clean and not to take a break during the game. This invention is said to have given birth to famous “fast food”. What was the name of this person?


24) Did you know? Most people are fond of this bright-coloured tasty FRUIT, only they are sure that it is a VEGETABLE (you too!) It is so attractive that Italians and French call it "golden apple". Historically, it was the important component in the great Columbian Exchange (the introduction of Old World plants to the New World, and vice versa). It is interesting to note that there were times when it was considered to be a deadly poison. A legend says that during the American War of Independence the private cook of George Washington was bribed by the Enemy to kill the great general-in-chief. So he cooked a dinner with this presumably poisonous ingredient and promptly escaped to avoid punishment. The assassination failed as this dish turned out to be totally harmless.


25) Did you know? A famous French chef once gave his own name to this “culinary masterpiece” which still bears the same name in the country where he then was a guest restaurateur. It appeared as a treat for wealthy gourmets but with time it has become immensely popular with ordinary people. These days the ingredients are very cheap and easy to obtain in any local food store. Curiously, this dish being very popular in many other countries goes there under an altogether different "title" linked to the name of the country where it was first cooked. What is this dish called, say in Great Britain?

25_Rus Salad1_S.jpg

26) Did you know? "Looking at them, you will never call them foodies. But the lyrics of the songs created by this world-famous band are virtually 'packed with food items' - chocolate, mustard, strawberries, bacon, onion, octopus, honey, marmalade, tangerine, truffle, cornflakes, cakes, pies (just to name a few)... On top of it, their most popular ballad, solely cooked and still being served by one of the band's frontmen, was originally published under the title "Scrambled Eggs" (later the song received its current name, far from being gastronomic). Do you know the name of the band and the song's title?"


27) Did you know?As often happens, there are a lot of legends connected with this product. In one of them, Mary Stuart ate only oranges baked in sugar syrup during a period of illness. Her servants, who spoke French, repeated in the kitchen “Marie e’ malade’ (Mary is sick). So it was the way the English heard the future name of the product.


“to be full of beans” means “to be lively, in high spirits, having a lot of energy and enthusiasm, raring to go”
It was originally referred to horses that were fed with a special kind of beans - horse beans. The spirited state of a bean-fed has given rise to this food idiom.